How does Biden deal with China?
Biden is facing a series of foreign policy problems, the most important of which is the increasingly severe challenge from China. Biden inherited a huge trust deficit from Trump, as well as a worsening US China relationship.
He may be able to reverse many of his predecessor’s policies through a series of executive orders, but dealing with China is totally different. This is a headache, because it involves a delicate balance. We should not only compete in democratic values and economic and geopolitical aspects, but also seek cooperation on survival issues such as climate change and epidemic situation.
Biden’s goal is to readjust the U.S. – China relations into three areas: competition, cooperation and “red line” or contention, which will change from zero sum mode to coexistence of competition, cooperation and contention.
Competition areas include science and technology, diplomatic influence and rule making. The goal is very clear, that is, to prevent the Chinese army from using sensitive technologies for modernization and to maintain its advantage over the PLA. Worried about China’s momentum in artificial intelligence, 5g and other next-generation technologies, Biden’s Government may cooperate with Japan and the European Union in research and investment, and cooperate in establishing a new regulatory framework to surpass China in competition. On the other hand, Biden is likely to promote cooperation with Beijing in certain areas – climate change, COVID-19 and North Korea. Biden also needs to be clear about some of Washington’s red lines. China’s tough actions in the East and South China seas and its growing naval presence in the Indian Ocean all need to be strongly resisted. Competition and cooperation are the key to infusing stability into US China relations. (by Stephen Nagy)
Biden is the first US president to face the rising China
Dictionaries have changed. Remember “turning to Asia”? Now the South China Sea has become China’s military zone. No matter how the United States redeploys, this reality cannot be changed. What about the Thucydides trap? From China’s point of view, this statement is superfluous. China is no longer rising, but has risen. How about “one belt, one road”? Under the epidemic situation, these trade routes are not as active as once thought. What about sanctions against China? Although trump imposed tariffs on many Chinese goods, China’s exports to the United States last year increased by 7.9% over 2019. “Make America great again”? The onslaught on the Capitol highlights the ugly side, and America’s rivals are taking advantage of it.
The main problems facing the Biden administration today are how to deal with and cooperate with China. The urgency of tackling climate change (and other issues) determines that Beijing should be embraced rather than avoided. There is no point in establishing an anti China Alliance. Many countries in Africa, South America and Europe don’t buy it. Australia, Japan and South Korea hope to maintain profitable relations with China. After Trump’s fiasco, the United States needs to mend its relationship, not talk about it everywhere.
The United States and China are not enemies. The two countries share common interests. China also faces huge challenges and needs to introduce foreign competition and expertise. China will not yield to intimidation, but that does not mean Washington acquiesces. Yes, America is back. But China has also arrived. Biden will be the first US president to face such a problem. This will require a new dictionary. (translated by Tom Clifford and Qiao Heng)
Source: Global Times – World Wide Web