Last Thursday, when the 23-year-old Xiaomei got the colonoscopy report, she couldn’t believe how young she would get bowel cancer.
3 months ago, Xiaomei felt discomfort in her abdomen and often had blood in her stool. At first, I didn’t care about it, thinking it was hemorrhoids, so I bought hemorrhoid cream for treatment. A few months later, not only did it not get better, but it also got worse. I felt something was wrong, so I went to the outpatient department of the People’s Hospital of Suzhou High-tech Zone.
After the doctor asked about the medical history, she touched a lump in the rectum during the digital anus examination, and suggested colonoscopy. Entering the rectum through the anus, the colonoscope saw a mess of cauliflower-like mass occupying more than half of the intestinal cavity; when the colonoscope straddled the mass and then went inside, the entire large intestine cavity was seen It is densely covered with more than a hundred polyps of various shapes, some resembling rice grains, soybeans, and some clumps like corals. A small piece of tumor tissue was taken out for pathological examination, and it was confirmed to be rectal cancer. The truth that caused blood in the stool is finally clear, not the hemorrhoids she imagined, but the rectal cancer!
Hemorrhoids and colorectal cancer have the common condition of “blood in the stool”, which makes many patients with colorectal cancer relax their vigilance. Professor Zhuang Jianbo, director of the Gastroenterology Department of the People’s Hospital of Suzhou High-tech Zone, said that the mortality rate of malignant tumors in China’s disease spectrum ranks first, and is higher than the world average, while gastric cancer and colorectal cancer rank second. Three. 70%-75% of colorectal cancer develops from adenomatous polyps, which means that if it is found and treated at the stage of adenomatous polyps, the possibility of colon cancer is less. However, people are in the stage of adenomatous polyps of the large intestine, and most of them have no symptoms and cannot be found without colonoscopy.
Professor Zhuang emphasized: Colonoscopy is very important, not only for the appearance of some suspected bowel cancer symptoms, but also for those with the following conditions: if there is a family history of tumors and intestinal polyps, ulcerative colitis, and ills Lifestyle habits (such as eating high-calorie, high-fat foods, having a taste for tobacco and alcohol, often staying up late and continuing to be stressed, etc.). At the same time, it is recommended to add gastrointestinal endoscopy to the health checkup. In this way, colorectal cancer is found and treated as early as the stage of adenoma polyps, and early colorectal cancer without symptoms can also be found. Because the 5-year survival rate of early colorectal cancer can reach 70%-90% after treatment, and the 5-year survival rate in the late stage is only 20%-30%. Colonoscopy is indeed very important.