Since the implementation of the new policy of duty-free shopping in outlying islands in July 2020, the total sales of duty-free goods in Hainan Province has exceeded 18.74 billion yuan, with a year-on-year growth of about 2.43 times. The picture shows Sanya international duty free city, Hainan free trade port. /Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Zhang Liyun
Hainan is the only tropical Province in China, land resources are very scarce, marine resources are very precious. With the construction and development of international tourism island, Hainan has become a hot spot for investment. Accompanied by this, the corruption problems in the fields of land transaction and engineering construction occur frequently. Some leading cadres collude with illegal businessmen to engage in illegal development and “human relationship project”, which seriously damages the natural environment of the island, disturbs the order of the port market and destroys the political ecology of Hainan. Under the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee, the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and the State Supervision Commission seriously investigated and dealt with the serious violation of discipline and law by Zhang Qi, former member of the Standing Committee of Hainan provincial Party committee and former Secretary of Haikou municipal Party committee. They urged and guided Hainan to continue to deepen the reform by cases, focus on special rectification, and fully escort the construction of Hainan free trade port.
The leader of corruption;
In September 2019, with the approval of the Party Central Committee, the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and the State Supervision Commission put Zhang Qi on file for examination and investigation. After investigation, Zhang Qi violated the party’s political discipline, organizational discipline, integrity discipline, work discipline and life discipline, lost his ideals and faith and the party spirit principle, abandoned his original mission, deviated from the new development concept, implemented the Party Central Committee’s decision-making and deployment not firmly and in place, and was not loyal to the party. He was suspected of bribery. He took advantage of his position for a long time to provide help for relevant enterprises and individuals in contracting engineering projects, changing the nature of land, land acquisition and demolition, and illegally received hundreds of millions of yuan of property directly or through his family, most of which were received after the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. In February 2020, after the meeting of the Standing Committee of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection studied and reported to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China for approval, Zhang Qi was expelled from the party and public office. In December 2020, Zhang Qi was sentenced to life imprisonment for bribery, deprived of political rights for life, and confiscated all personal property.
Zhang Qi has been deeply engaged in Hainan for more than 30 years. He is the first central management cadre who has grown up in Hainan since the 18th CPC National Congress. He abused public power and power for profit, cleverly created land reclamation and illegal development, and turned land resources into a wanton cake and a tool to make money. He is a typical example of “making money by land” & lt; making money by land “& lt; making money by island”.
One is wantonly reclaiming land from the sea, illegal development and political capital. Zhang Qi’s view of political achievements is seriously misplaced, and he has made great achievements. In order to gain political achievements and seek promotion as soon as possible, he did not hesitate to sacrifice land, marine resources and ecological environment. As secretary of Danzhou municipal Party committee, he illegally promoted the Haihua Island project, involving a total reclamation area of 783 hectares. Under his strong promotion, Danzhou municipal government and Marine Department split the reclamation project into 36 sub projects with an area of less than 27 hectares by the way of “breaking the whole into parts”, so that the unqualified projects can be promoted and the prohibited projects can be approved, resulting in the permanent destruction of large areas of coral reefs and white butterfly shells.
The second is to bring land with the project and help the enterprise to occupy land;. During his tenure as secretary of Sanya Municipal Party committee, Zhang Qi, under the guise of new energy vehicles, helped private entrepreneurs obtain 174000 square meters of state-owned construction land use rights in violation of regulations, and sought private interests by increasing the proportion of real estate land. From 2010 to 2018, Zhang Qi helped several private entrepreneurs obtain nearly 7000 mu of land illegally in Danzhou, Sanya and Haikou. Among them, helping a real estate developer set up exclusive bidder conditions in violation of regulations, illegally obtaining more than 1000 mu of land, occupying geoparks and ecological woodlands, causing billions of yuan of losses to the country.
The third is to indulge in the “human engineering” to create a small circle of corruption and profit. With the illegal businessmen as the link of power and interests, they form a “corruption circle”;. In the name of attracting investment, he helped to lead the family’s land acquisition project; he gave favors to his peers and subordinates, and connived his wife and son to take advantage of their influence to take part in the landscaping project and make a lot of money.
According to the investigation, it is not an exception for leading cadres to use their power and position to intervene in land projects to seek huge profits. According to Zhang Qi and the people involved in the case, violations of laws and regulations were prominent in the commercial development of Sanya’s Phoenix Island, Xiaozhou Island, Haikou simapo island and other islands, with leading cadres intervening and manipulating behind them. Since April 2017, the discipline inspection and supervision organs at all levels in Hainan Province have investigated and dealt with 515 corruption cases involving 536 people in the engineering field, involving 49% of the relevant city and county leading group members, and 30% of the top leaders. Among the cases investigated and dealt with by the Provincial Discipline inspection and Supervision Commission, 69% were involved in engineering corruption, and 59% were involved in one hand. In 2017, the national land special inspector pointed out more than 3000 problems in 23 categories. In 2018, the National Marine inspector pointed out that there were 35 problems in the development of marine resources. There were many problems left over in Hainan Province, and the rectification task was arduous and urgent.
From controlling the power to stopping the wind to promote the comprehensive and strict party governance in Hainan
At the same time, the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and the State Supervision Commission of the people’s Republic of China seriously investigated and dealt with the Zhang Qi case, deeply analyzed the circumstances of the case, and put forward suggestions on promoting reform through the case. Hainan Province is required to make targeted investigation and rectification in view of the outstanding problems exposed in the case, such as ineffective party management, improper cadres’ interference in the project, corruption caused by taking advantage of the island, lazy cadres’ style of work, and corrupt cadres’ family style, so as to ensure that the case can not be concluded and supervised Extend again. The Hainan Provincial Committee resolutely implements the important directive spirit of general secretary Xi Jinping on Hainan’s reform and development and the decision making of the Central Committee of the CPC Central Committee, and makes it a major and urgent political task to improve the reform of the case, to identify the root cause of the problem, to find loopholes in the risk, to strengthen the warning education, to promote the rectification and rectification, and to provide a strong political guarantee for speeding up the construction of Hainan’s free trade port.
&Mdash; & mdash; firmly shoulder the political responsibility of comprehensively and strictly administering the party, and create a good political ecology. First, strengthen political supervision. We must adhere to the important speech of general secretary Xi Jinping in the 30th Anniversary Conference of the Hainan Special Economic Zone, and the spirit of the Central Committee and the State Council on guiding Hainan’s comprehensive reform and opening up. As the most important priority among priorities, we will first report to the 35 inspection units on the problems we found in 2019. In the meantime, we will make efforts to promote the implementation of major decisions and arrangements of the CPC Central Committee in Hainan and achieve results. The second is the main responsibility. The Standing Committee of Hainan provincial Party committee held a special democratic life meeting to learn from the profound lessons of Zhang Qi’s case. The provincial people’s Congress, the provincial government, the provincial people’s Political Consultative Conference, the supervision committee of the provincial Commission for Discipline Inspection, the Haikou municipal Party committee, the Sanya Municipal Party committee, and the Danzhou municipal Party committee held a special democratic life meeting to face the existing problems, analyze the ideological roots, and clarify the improvement measures. The Standing Committee of the provincial Party committee specially listened to the report on the implementation of the main responsibility of comprehensively and strictly administering the party, formulated the list of the main responsibilities of the provincial Party committee, and the main leading comrades of the provincial Party committee had a collective honest talk with the Party committee secretaries of cities and counties in the province, so as to promote the leaders of the higher level to grasp the leaders of the lower level. Third, carry out the standardization construction of discipline inspection and supervision organs. In view of the problem of ineffective supervision, the discipline inspection and supervision commissions at all levels should be put in to carry out synchronous rectification, improve the system of supervision and accountability and supervision, investigation and disposal, formulate the code of conduct for Discipline Inspection and supervision cadres in Hainan Province, and establish a system for Discipline Inspection and supervision cadres to inquire about cases, intervene in cases, and report and record cases, so as to ensure “three years of great success”;.
&We should firmly stop the unhealthy trend of leading cadres’ involvement in the project, so as to win the people’s trust in the effectiveness of the rectification. First, establish regulations and systems. We should study and formulate rules and regulations to prevent leading cadres from interfering in projects for profit by taking advantage of their authority and position influence, establish and improve the record and notification system for leading cadres’ interfering in projects and land transfer projects, actively implement the power list system, focus on the areas prone to problems such as land bidding, project bidding and financial fund use, and strictly prevent leading cadres from using their power willfully. Second, tracking and supervision. We will issue opinions on tracking and supervising public works and land transfer projects, link up discipline inspection and supervision, inspection, audit and other supervision forces, closely focus on the whole process of tracking and supervising the key projects of the free trade port, and ensure the clean and efficient implementation of each public works and land transfer project in the construction of the free trade port. Third, reform and efficiency. We will promote minimalist examination and approval in six key parks, including Yangpu Economic Development Zone, steadily promote “one window acceptance” and “one Internet access office” and “one seal management examination and approval” as well as the reform of engineering construction project examination and approval system, accelerate the high-frequency matters required by the General Office of the State Council, and vigorously promote engineering construction projects; Full process, full coverage & quot; reform.
&We should resolutely rectify the problems of “making money by sitting on the ground” and “making money by borrowing from the island” and take serious responsibility for the damage to marine resources and the ecological environment. First, clear responsibilities. We will study and revise the “responsibilities of Party committees, governments and relevant departments in Hainan Province for ecological environment protection” and “measures for the implementation of supervision of ecological environment protection in Hainan Province”, strengthen the normalized supervision, and consolidate the party and government’s responsibility for the construction of ecological civilization and ecological environment protection. Second, we should focus on the improvement. We will carry out a special action to clean up and rectify prominent problems in the land sector, and check and rectify prominent problems in the illegal use of land, such as long-term idle land, malicious enclosure and hoarding of land, private illegal transactions, unauthorized change of land use and plot ratio. Third, strengthen supervision. It is necessary to rectify the behavior of replacing legal procedure adjustment and issuing planning conditions with government meeting minutes and other forms, strengthen the normalized and real-time planning supervision work, and solve the problems affecting the ecological environment in the bud.
&We should resolutely rectify the style of cadres and build a contingent of cadres who can undertake important tasks. First, we should thoroughly rectify the work style and corruption around the masses. As for the problems found in the theme education of “never forget the original intention and keep the mission in mind”, the theme education should be carried out in all grass-roots party organizations in the province to focus on the task goal of poverty alleviation and “breaking the net with an umbrella” in 2020, so as to thoroughly rectify the prominent problems in the field of people’s livelihood that damage the interests of the masses. Second, encourage cadres to take on responsibilities. We will improve the guarantee and incentive mechanism, the selection and employment mechanism, and the assessment and evaluation mechanism, explore and formulate a “small compromise” for the construction of leading bodies of provincial units, strengthen comprehensive analysis and judgment, and timely put forward suggestions on the adjustment and allocation of cadres. The measures for fault tolerance and error correction of public officials in Hainan free trade port (for Trial Implementation) were formulated, the measures for reappointment upon expiration of the period affected by punishment or treatment of cadres were revised and improved, the guiding opinions of discipline inspection and supervision organs were printed and issued, and the requirements of “three distinctions” were conscientiously implemented to boost the entrepreneurial spirit of Party members and cadres. The third is to push forward reform and opening up steadily. Starting from the key areas and key links related to the overall situation, we will promote the implementation of a series of major reform measures as a whole. We will deepen foreign exchanges, cooperation, opening up and development, vigorously promote project investment, and promote the construction of a free trade port with high quality and high standard projects. We will launch the “100 central enterprises entering Hainan” initiative and make full use of the preferential policies. We will accelerate the development of major functional platforms and key industries, and create a “model room” for Yangpu Development and construction;. We should strengthen the system integration and innovation, and improve the implementation guarantee mechanism.
&We should firmly govern the family conduct of leading cadres, and promote clean government and fair use of power. First, strengthen the education of family style construction. We will set up special classes on discipline education for Party members and leading cadres in the whole province, and strengthen the awareness of strict use of power and clean housekeeping. We should take family conduct as an important indicator for the annual assessment of leading groups and cadres, and urge leading cadres to strictly educate, manage and restrain their relatives and children, and set a good example for self-cultivation and family integrity. The second is to establish and improve the system of regulating the business operation of relatives of leading cadres, standardize the business operation of spouses, children and spouses of leading cadres, and orderly promote the withdrawal of relevant personnel. We will carry out special rectification of reports on personal matters of leading cadres, and combine the normalization and standardization work with the inspection of reports on personal matters of leading cadres, so as to ensure that the withdrawal work of centralized standardized objects is clear. Actively explore the research and development of the auxiliary system for the report and audit of personal related matters of leading cadres, increase the centralized standard module, and provide technical support for strengthening the normalized management of leading cadres’ relatives in business enterprises.
Escort the construction of Hainan free trade port with special governance to achieve a good start
The case of Zhang Qi promotes the reform by case, adheres to the main line of ensuring the high-quality development of Hainan free trade port construction by service, and takes the case breakthrough to drive the general rectification of corruption in the field of national engineering construction as the path. It has achieved the comprehensive effect of repairing the natural ecology, purifying the political ecology, and reshaping the social ecology, and promoted the effect of case rectification into governance efficiency.
&Mdash; & mdash; further released the valuable land, guarding the green mountains and waters, blue sea and blue sky of Hainan. Hainan adheres to the guiding ideology of Xi Jinping’s ecological civilization, unswervingly implements the new development concept, carries out the special rectification of land clean-up in the whole province, and clean-up and renovating the construction projects of the islands in Haihua island and new port Island, and resolutely rectify the problems of illegal land acquisition, hoarding idle land and destroying the ecological red line through illegal means, according to the regulation of land that meets the conditions for recovery. It should be taken back according to law. After renovation, 1056 mu of land was recovered and the economic loss was more than 10.6 billion yuan. Haikou Henggou village reconstruction project rectification tasks have been completed, Haikou Xinbu Island Hainan heart project 7 rectification tasks have been completed, Danzhou Haihua Island related problems rectification work has been carried out in an orderly manner, Sanya Nanding area regulatory detailed planning has been completed, the ecological restoration work of the occupied class II ecological protection red line area has been completed.
&Mdash; & mdash; further purified the political ecology and ensured the clean and efficient promotion of free trade port project construction. We should take resolute and effective measures to seriously the political life within the party, standardize the operation of public power, and show the sword to officials’ interference in land and engineering construction. Taking the construction of leading cadres’ family style as a matter of great importance to the principle of party spirit and the safety and happiness of leading cadres, we carried out in-depth warning education roving exhibitions, organized 445 warning education of the same kind at the same level and 70 special democratic life meetings, and strengthened the atmosphere of awe and knowledge. Taking the tracking and supervision of public works and land transfer projects as the effective starting point, we actively explored the effective path of accurate normalization of political supervision, and ensured the “four safety” of power operation, fund use, project construction and cadre growth;.
&Mdash; & mdash; further optimized the business environment and made a historic step of comprehensively deepening reform and opening up. We will strive to build a high standard and high-quality pilot free trade zone with convenient investment and trade, standardized legal environment, perfect financial services, efficient and safe supervision, and first-class ecological environment, and create a “single window” for international investment;. Since 2020, the newly established foreign-funded enterprises in the province have increased by 155.9% year on year, and the actual use of foreign capital has increased by 47.6% year on year. High quality promotes project investment. The total investment of key projects in the province is 68.6 billion yuan, with a completion rate of 101% and an operation rate of 95%. Since the implementation of the new policy of duty-free shopping in outlying islands in July 2020, the total sales of duty-free goods has exceeded 18.74 billion yuan, with a year-on-year growth of about 2.43 times. We have strengthened system integration and innovation, and issued a total of 10 batches of 103 cases of system innovation. The pace of Hainan free trade port construction has been accelerated, and the great cause of reform, development and opening up has been rapidly stabilized.
&Mdash; & mdash; further promoted the general rectification and standardized the order of national land transfer and project bidding. The Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and the State Supervision Commission of the people’s Republic of China investigated and analyzed the corruption problems related to engineering construction found by the discipline inspection and supervision commission of 15 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities in the investigation and handling of the cases, put forward specific rectification suggestions, urged the national development and Reform Commission and other departments to carry out special research, further strengthened the construction and supervision of the bidding system, the approval management of major projects and the management of investment arrangements within the central budget, and effectively prevented corruption Insurance. We should promote the revision of the bidding law, further reduce unnecessary administrative intervention and approval matters, implement and strengthen the main responsibilities of bidders, and realize the matching of rights and responsibilities, mutual restriction, strong supervision and strict accountability of all parties in bidding activities.
Land is a national scarce and precious resource, an essential element of urban development, and also a key area where public power is deeply involved and rent-seeking is frequent. The Zhang Qi case fully exposed the abuse of power in the field of land and engineering construction, the collusion between government and business, and corruption, which seriously affected the overall situation of Hainan free trade port construction and hindered the implementation of the major decisions and arrangements of the CPC Central Committee in Hainan. To sum up the work practice of Zhang Qi case investigation, reform promotion and construction promotion, we have the following enlightenment.
First, we must focus on the center and serve the overall situation, and promote the reform and rectification work as a whole. To seriously investigate and deal with the Zhang Qi case and focus on rectifying corruption in the field of land and engineering construction is related to the success or failure of Hainan free trade port construction and the implementation of the decision-making and deployment of the Party Central Committee. We must closely focus on the overall situation, be good at taking advantage of the situation, and play a role of assistance, guarantee and promotion. Zhang Qi case promotes reform by case, organically combines strengthening the construction of party conduct and clean government and anti-corruption struggle, comprehensively and strictly governing the party with promoting Hainan’s opening-up, construction and development, makes overall planning around various central tasks of Hainan’s free trade port construction, and closely combines poverty alleviation, ecological environmental protection, anti gangs and anti evils; And other key work will be further promoted to ensure the implementation of the major decisions and arrangements made by the CPC Central Committee in Hainan, and provide strong political guarantee for the start of Hainan free trade port construction and the realization of healthy and sustainable economic and social development.
Second, we must highlight the key points and grasp the key points to solve the prominent problem of corruption in land related projects. Zhang Qi case once again exposed the outstanding problems of power concentration and lack of effective supervision in the field of land and engineering construction, which fully confirmed that the situation of anti-corruption struggle is still grim and complex. To promote the reform of such problems, we must grasp the key point of standardizing the power of top leaders, pay close attention to the decision-making power, planning power and approval power of land and engineering projects, focus on the places, departments and fields where engineering projects are concentrated, integrate supervision forces and implement effective supervision, put supervision in all aspects of the whole process of power operation, and promote and improve the system of supervision and restriction of the power exercise of top leaders We should strictly prevent leading cadres from interfering in land and engineering projects by taking advantage of their powers and positions, and truly manage key people, key places, key things and key times, so as to prevent projects from “building up” and “cadres from” falling down “;.
Third, we must strengthen supervision and responsibility, and promote the “two responsibilities” to work together. The reason why Zhang Qi has been promoted with illness for a long time and has not been effectively supervised and investigated in time is that the main responsibility is not implemented, and the supervision responsibility is not in place. We should promote the reform of Zhang Qi’s case by case, adhere to the “two responsibilities” of overall planning and supervision, and give full play to the two main roles of the crime unit and the responsible department. We should not only compact the main responsibility, but also promote the party management from “loose and soft” to “strict and hard”; At the same time, we should put the responsibilities and work of the discipline inspection and supervision organs into it, vigorously promote the standardization construction of the discipline inspection and Supervision Commission, focus on the supervision responsibilities, make all-round efforts, focus on key areas, highlight problems, strike hard at the real, release a strong signal of being strict and practical, and promote the comprehensive and strict governance of the party in Hainan to develop in depth.
Fourth, it is necessary to promote the integration and integration, and strive to improve the efficiency of corruption governance. It is not only an important strategy to comprehensively and strictly govern the party, but also an important principle to deepen the reform by cases. We should promote the reform of Zhang Qi’s case through serious investigation and punishment of typical cases, focus on punishing corruption in land and engineering fields, carry out warning education at different levels and categories, and form a strong deterrent of “soldiers in the city”; By strengthening the supervision and restriction of power, promoting the improvement of the system and plugging the loopholes, efforts should be made to find the weak links in the management of land acquisition, transfer, use and project bidding, so as to create a “jump at a touch” live cage; By strengthening the construction of the contingent of cadres, the work style and family style of cadres should be rectified as a whole, the prominent problem of vulgarization of intra party relations should be solved, the political life within the party should be serious, and the self-discipline consciousness of “no need to raise the whip” should be formed.