The British government, in flagrant violation of its commitment, has gone all out to promote the BNO visa policy. From January 31, eligible BNO holders have been allowed to apply for special endorsement to stay in the UK. However, the local think tank has pointed out that the UK’s medical, housing and educational resources are very tight, and it is unable to accept more immigrants. If it is really as estimated by the British government In general, as many as 1 million Hong Kong people will immigrate to the UK, which is bound to bring down the British public service system, cause social crisis, and even set off a wave of anti immigration against Hong Kong immigrants.
Based on the research data of the British government and think tanks, this paper analyzes the current difficulties faced by the UK from the aspects of housing, health care and education, and reveals how the British government’s attempt to accept BNO immigrants is beyond its capacity.
Medical quality retrogression: the number of doctors per capita dropped, the number of emergency departments increased
The public health care system has been one of the most proud social welfare in the UK for decades. However, due to the continuous increase of population and the reduction of budget growth, the NHS has been in deep crisis in recent years, and many British people are dissatisfied with the long waiting time of public hospitals and the deterioration of medical quality. In the brexit referendum in 2016, the brexit faction relied on playing the “medical card” to claim that it is the “medical card” After brexit, the weekly medical allocation could increase by 350 million pounds (about 3.72 billion Hong Kong dollars), attracting voters to support brexit, although this promise has never been fulfilled.
The increase in immigration is the main reason for the shortage of medical resources in the UK. According to the statistics of the British National Statistics Office, in the financial year 2016-2017, the number of new registered immigration visits by general practitioners in the UK, excluding Scotland, was 730000, with an average daily increase of 2, The number of general practitioners per capita in the UK has dropped from 65 in 2014 to 60 in 2018, according to a study by Nuffield trust, a medical service think-tank. In 2017, a survey showed that one third of doctors planned to suspend new surgery due to the large number of patients.
The increase in the number of visitors also affects the quality of medical services. NHS data show that in 2017, on average, only nearly 90% of patients can wait for emergency services within four hours, which is lower than 95% in 2014. The survey of channel 4 in the UK also found that in some areas with a large immigrant population, the waiting time of emergency rooms in public hospitals will be longer, for example, in Cambridge County, where 11% of the total population belongs to immigrants The waiting time of emergency room ranked 39th among 43 districts.
For the British who need to spend a lot of time waiting for emergency or scheduled surgery, naturally they are not happy to see a large number of Hong Kong people rush into the UK to compete for medical resources.
Housing supply: it’s impossible to build a house every six minutes
The housing problem in the UK is very serious. As the housing supply can’t keep up with the population growth, the property price and rent continue to rise. Many young people can’t afford to buy a house, or even rent a house, and can only live with their parents. A study in 2019 shows that as many as 2.5 million people in the UK can’t pay the rent, 3.6 million people are forced to live in overcrowded houses, and 400000 people are homeless. As of 2018, there are as many as 1.11 million people waiting in line for public housing in the UK.
One of the reasons for the rise in UK property prices is the influx of immigrants. According to the data of the British government’s Department of housing, community and local government affairs, from 1991 to 2016, the population growth caused by immigrants alone led to a 21% rise in UK property prices.
Even before the BNO plan, the British government has made a very pessimistic estimate of the future housing demand. According to the forecast of population growth published by the British National Statistics Office in 2018, if the UK continues to record 214 per year, With a net inflow of 500 immigrants, 89000 new houses need to be built every year to meet the housing demand of the immigrant population, and this figure does not include the population growth caused by the next generation of immigrants. Migration Watch UK, a think tank concerned about British immigration, points out that this means that it is impossible for the UK to build a new house every six minutes every day and night.
For the countless British who “wait to get on the bus”, hundreds of thousands or even millions of Hong Kong people immigrate to the UK is certainly the last thing they want to see.
Overload of education system: decrease of per capita funding for over enrolled students
Some Hong Kong people immigrate to the UK for the sake of education for the next generation. However, in fact, the British education system has already exceeded the load. Thousands of local schools are full or even over enrolled. On the contrary, the government’s per capita education budget has continued to decrease year after year, making it impossible to accept more immigrants who intend to study in the UK.
In recent years, many of the new school children in the UK are immigrants or the second generation of immigrants. For example, from 2002 to 2013, 78% of the mothers of newborn babies in the UK were new immigrants who were not born in the UK. A large number of immigrants and the next generation of immigrants have greatly increased the pressure on school admission space in the UK UK pointed out that by 2027, the number of people suitable for secondary schools in the UK will increase by 400000. From 2021 to 2022 alone, an additional 87000 places will be needed. Although the situation of primary schools is not so tense, it is estimated that as many as 23% of primary schools in England are still in full or over enrollment, especially in areas with a large immigrant population.
According to statistics, from 2009 to 2018, the number of students enrolled in England increased by 670000. Although the British government increased education funding every year during this period, the average education funding per student during this period decreased by 8%, which shows that immigration has lowered the quality of British education.
In addition to learning English, British experts are also concerned about the influx of non-native English speaking immigrant students, which will pose another pressure on the education system. Many British teachers have said that the language gap affects students’ fair access to education. In 2015, the British government allocated an additional 267 million pounds (about HK $2.83 billion) to assist non-native English speaking students. The British home office also published a report in 2018, pointing out that As many as 60% of ethnic minority students will enroll in schools that mainly recruit ethnic minority students. In a disguised form, racial segregation in the education system prevents these students from integrating into British society in the process of growing up.
Pollsters reject immigrants: 44% of Johnson reneges on his promise to reduce the number of outsiders
Despite the British government’s generous “open door” to accept BNO Hong Kong people, do the British really want to see millions of Hong Kong people immigrate? According to the survey conducted by Oxford University immigration Observatory last year, only 17% of the British people support a large or small increase in immigration. On the contrary, as many as 44% of the respondents believe that the number of immigrants should be reduced.
As a matter of fact, before the general election in 2019, British Prime Minister Johnson promised to reduce the overall number of immigrants. Therefore, after the Johnson Administration announced the BNO immigration plan last year, many local public opinions criticized Johnson for breaking his promise. They thought that the British government claimed that the plan was to “take historical responsibility for Hong Kong”, but ignored the British government’s commitment to 6, The responsibility of the 7 million British people also questions whether, according to the logic of the British government, it is necessary to “do its duty” to all the former British colonies in the future.