According to Agence France Presse, Sudan, Nyala, December 31, 2020, the United Nations and the African Union concluded a 13 year peace keeping operation in Sudan’s Darfur region on the same day. At the same time, the recent violence has caused local residents to worry about a resurgence of fighting.
According to the report, in 2003, conflicts broke out in the Darfur region, and ethnic minority rebels fought against the Arab controlled Khartoum government, while the latter recruited and armed the Arab dominated jaweed militia to fight back.
According to the United Nations, 300000 people died and 2.5 million were displaced as a result of the conflict.
Ashraf & middot; Issa, spokesman for the United Nations and African Union mission in Darfur, Sudan, said: “the peace keeping operation ended in Darfur at midnight on Thursday, December 31. ”
He said that the phased withdrawal of about 8000 armed and civilian personnel from the mission will be completed within six months.
The government of the Sudan will take over responsibility for the protection of civilians in the area, the mission said;.
It is reported that in recent years, the fierce conflict in Darfur has basically subsided. But Sudan’s transitional government is fragile, and ethnic and tribal conflicts still occur from time to time, including tribal conflicts that killed at least 15 people and injured dozens last week.
The report points out that in recent weeks, Darfurians have held protests against the withdrawal of UNAMA. Many Darfurians still live in refugee camps a few years after fleeing home.