Is dysfunctional anemia contagious? Potential complications of anemia

Is dysfunctional anemia contagious?

Aplastic anemia is a kind of bone marrow hematopoietic failure. The main manifestations were hypohematopoiesis, pancytopenia, anemia, hemorrhage and infection. Aplastic anemia is not an infectious disease, long-term contact is not infectious. Aplastic anemia in clinical can be cured, but also according to the patient’s own situation and examination results, actively cooperate with the doctor treatment.

What is the cause of aplastic anemia

Anemia is caused by a variety of reasons: iron deficiency, bleeding, hemolysis, hematopoietic dysfunction, etc., generally to give rich nutrition of high calorie, high protein, a variety of vitamins, rich in inorganic salts and diet, to help restore hematopoietic function, avoid overwork, ensure sleep time, according to different types of anemia active medication to correct anemia. At present, the treatment of aplastic anemia can choose drugs or surgical methods.

The immunity of aplastic anemia patients is relatively low, so we should pay attention to infection, so as not to make the disease serious. We should eat more blood food or immunity enhancing drugs. Patients themselves should pay attention to more rest, not too tired, have a good mood, family members can do some psychological counseling. Regularly go to the hospital for examination, to see the recovery of the disease, according to the results of the examination to develop a new treatment plan, strive for early recovery.

Potential complications of anemia

1. On the other hand, the activation of myocardial energy source needs the help of Vit B12 B12 deficiency can affect the activation of ATP, aggravate the disturbance of myocardium, and promote the occurrence of heart failure. Therefore, for patients with severe megaloblastic anemia, attention should be paid to whether there are cardiovascular diseases at the beginning of treatment, so as to take necessary measures to prevent accidents.

2. Hemorrhage: thrombocytopenia and the lack of other coagulation factors, the disease bleeding is not uncommon, sometimes can also occur cerebral hemorrhage or other parts of bleeding.

3. Gout: severe megaloblastic anemia can be seen in the bone marrow hematopoiesis caused by ineffective destruction of blood cells, resulting in abnormal increase of serum uric acid value, causing gout attack, but it is extremely rare.

4. Mental disorders: severe megaloblastic anemia can not only cause peripheral neuritis, but also mental disorders, such as restlessness, depression, even sleepwalking, etc., which may be related to the abnormality of brain nerve tissue caused by vit B12 deficiency.

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