(Hong Kong Wen Wei Po comprehensive report) US President Biden signed a number of executive orders the day before yesterday to promulgate various measures to deal with climate change. The executive order listed climate change as “the core part of all foreign and national security policies” for the first time, and advocated the development of clean energy. It plans to reduce carbon emissions of the power industry to zero by 2035 and achieve the goal of carbon neutrality by 2050. Biden also said The new policy is widely welcomed by environmentalists, but criticized by Republicans. The new measures will seriously hit the U.S. job market and even threaten U.S. energy security.
Former US President trump ignored the issue of climate change during his term of office. He not only withdrew from the Paris Agreement, vigorously developed the oil and gas industry, but also approved drilling in conservation areas such as the Arctic circle. Biden, who signed an executive order to return to the Paris Agreement on the first day of his term of office, announced more measures to deal with climate change the day before yesterday. He described climate change as an urgent issue and the United States must speed up its efforts He is also looking forward to a $2 trillion (about HK $15.5 trillion) infrastructure and clean energy plan, which he hopes will be passed in Congress next month.
Biden stressed that the United States needs to lead the global response to the climate change crisis. Kerry, the special envoy on climate change appointed by him as the “climate czar” and former Secretary of state, plans to announce the goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 at the climate summit on April 22 this year. Biden also plans to suspend the lease development of oil and gas resources in the United States, protect 30% of the land and waters of the United States in the next 10 years, and promote the sustainable development of the United States Wind power at sea has doubled, and all federal cars have been converted to electric vehicles.
Building energy saving housing to promote industrial transformation
Biden also said that ensuring employment is one of the top priorities in dealing with climate change. He mentioned “employment” 15 times in the executive order, promising to provide jobs in the new energy industry with considerable remuneration for the poor ethnic minorities affected by pollution, as well as employees in the oil and gas industry. In addition, Biden promised to build 1.5 million energy-saving homes in the United States, and set up 500000 electric vehicle charging stations to promote the comprehensive development of the industry transformation.
The United States is the country with the second highest carbon emission in the world. According to the statistics of the United States Energy Information Administration (EIA), the fossil energy power generation in the United States still accounts for 61% of the country’s total. Biden’s new policy to deal with climate change is welcomed by many environmentalists. Former President Barack Obama’s senior director of energy and climate change affairs Morton said that Biden’s government has made climate change a priority and can make progress Let the United States return to global leadership in addressing climate change.
Republican energy industry strongly opposed
However, Biden’s new policies also face strong opposition from many Republicans and the energy industry. Flynn, chairman of the New Mexico oil and Gas Association, pointed out that nearly 1 / 3 of the state’s fiscal revenue comes from the fossil energy industry. Biden’s new policies are bound to affect tens of thousands of local jobs. Sommers, chairman of the American Petroleum Institute, also criticized that the development of the U If China is constrained by other countries, it is bound to affect us energy security in the long run;