Fatigue, high blood pressure, high blood lipid and myocardial infarction: young people should be careful
By Zhang Hua of jinyang.com
Nowadays, myocardial infarction is no longer the patent of middle-aged and elderly people, and it is more and more common in young people. Wu Shaorong, director of Cardiology Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University, said that young people under 40 years old with myocardial infarction have accounted for 20% – 30% of hospitalized patients in cardiology department. Some young people often rely on their own physical “good”, lifestyle worse, leading to the onset of myocardial infarction. Experts remind young people that fatigue, high blood pressure and high blood lipid are the three major causes of myocardial infarction.
Hyperlipidemia, myocardial infarction, fainting on the ground,
Dog days, in the scorching sun after the sun fainted, did not expect it is a heart attack. Recently, in the Department of Cardiology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University, we received a special case. Xiao Liu, 28, went to visit a customer at 10 a.m. and halfway down the street, suddenly felt dizzy, lost consciousness, fell to the ground and fell into a coma. The passers-by thought that the young man was suffering from heatstroke.
Fortunately, after 5 minutes of coma on the ground, Xiao Liu slowly woke up. I got up and went to the First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University to see the emergency. Wu Shaorong, director of the Department of Cardiology in the hospital, said that when he received the patient, he found that his blood pressure was not high, and the abnormal ECG was not obvious, but his muscle calcium level was high, and his cholesterol was also high. Because of the possibility of heart problems, so quickly did a coronary angiography, did not expect to find a coronary artery occlusion, the original is Xiao Liu fainting is myocardial infarction attack!
“If Xiao Liu faints, gets up and goes home, he may never get up again.”. Wu Shaorong said, “detailed medical history revealed that both of Liu’s uncles had suffered from myocardial infarction before the age of 40. In addition to familial myocardial infarction, Liu’s high cholesterol is also an important inducement.
Experts explain that when the “bad cholesterol” (low-density lipoprotein cholesterol) in the blood is too high, it will deposit on the arterial wall and eventually form plaques. These plaques are the time bombs in the blood vessels. Once ruptured, they will lead to thrombosis, resulting in vascular stenosis and even myocardial infarction.
Experts remind that hyperlipidemia is one of the main risk factors of acute myocardial infarction. Therefore, young people in the physical examination found that high blood fat, should pay attention to the diet, eat less high-fat, high calorie food, to reach the need for medication treatment, should actively use drugs to reduce blood fat.
Too tired Mi before the game
Many young people think they are in good health. They work and play at the same time. They even indulge in online games after work, which poses a great threat to their health. Xiao Chen, who works in an air-conditioning maintenance department, plays games in the middle of the night after work every day. As a result, the 23-year-old also suffered from myocardial infarction. Wu Shaorong said that this is the youngest case of myocardial infarction in the Department of Cardiology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University.
In summer, the work of air conditioning maintenance and installation is very heavy. Xiao Chen receives many orders every day, and people are tired. But because of his youth, he played games in his room until midnight after work. As a result, he finally had chest pain and chest tightness. He went to the hospital to have a check. He had high blood pressure, high muscle calcium and abnormal ECG. Then he did coronary angiography, which was that the vascular blockage induced myocardial infarction.
Due to long-term mental tension, fatigue induced hypertension. Wu Shaorong said that Chen himself may not be aware of the high blood pressure. The continuous and long-term rise of blood pressure will cause damage to some organs and blood vessels of the human body, just like the damage to the target caused by the bullet when a rifle is fired, which is called “target organ damage” in medicine. Professor Wu Shaorong said that clinically, patients with hypertension have different degrees of damage to heart, brain, kidney and other important organs, such as coronary heart disease, stroke and renal failure.
Therefore, experts remind young people that if their blood pressure exceeds 140 / 90mmHg during the annual physical examination, they should actively adjust their lifestyle, such as less salt, less oil, and more exercise; if they need to use drugs to reduce blood pressure, it is best to use long-term antihypertensive drugs to strive for 24-hour continuous and stable pressure reduction.
Tips, be careful! Young people are more aggressive
Young people’s myocardial infarction is different from middle-aged and old people’s onset, often without any omen before the onset, once the onset, the consequences are very serious. In addition, many young people think that the body will not get sick, willful indulgence, such as staying up late, excessive fatigue, smoking and drinking, improper diet and so on, thus ignoring the early signs of disease.
Experts remind that if young people find chest pain, chest tightness, dizziness and so on, they should go to the hospital as soon as possible, so as not to miss the earliest emergency time.