Overseas network, January 31 (Xinhua) according to “Russia today”, the Kremlin Information Bureau of Russia announced on the 29th that Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a legal document on the same day to extend the “Treaty on further reduction and limitation of offensive strategic weapons measures” (new start) between Russia and the United States for five years. The law takes effect from the date of promulgation and is valid until February 5, 2026. New start is the only major effective arms control treaty between Russia and the United States, which was originally scheduled to expire on February 5, 2021.
According to a statement issued by the Ministry of legal administration of Russia, extending the new start period is in Russia’s national interest, can maintain the transparency and predictability of Russia US strategic relations, maintain world strategic stability, and have a positive impact on the international situation.
New start, which came into effect in 2011, aims to limit the number of strategic nuclear warheads and delivery vehicles deployed by the United States and Russia. According to the treaty, the two countries should, within seven years after the entry into force of the treaty, reduce the number of their respective intercontinental ballistic missiles to less than 700, the number of nuclear warheads to 1550, and the number of deployed and undeployed nuclear warhead launching devices to 800, including land-based, sea-based and air-based launching systems. After the expiration of the China Missile Treaty in 2019, the Treaty on measures to further reduce and limit offensive strategic weapons has become the only arms control treaty between the United States and Russia, and will expire on February 5, 2021.
Previously, the United States and Russia held several rounds of talks on extending new start, but no substantive progress has been made. In sharp contrast to Russia’s positive attitude, the US side has been setting a threshold for renewal. Until January 23, 2021, US Department of Defense spokesman John Kirby said in a statement that Russia’s previous compliance with the treaty is in the interests of US national security, and the extension of the treaty to 2026 will provide time and space for the two countries to explore new arms control agreements, “so as to further reduce the risks faced by Americans.”.
Kremlin spokesman Peskov said Russia welcomes the move and the symbolic political will of Biden’s government, and Moscow is waiting for specific proposals. Peskov said at a news conference on the 22nd that Russia will not deviate from its established position in the negotiations, “we have a position, which is well known and consistent, and we cannot deviate from it.”.
In response to the agreement reached by the United States and Russia on the extension of the validity of the Treaty on measures to further reduce and limit strategic offensive weapons, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian said at a regular press conference on the 27th that China welcomes this.
Zhao Lijian said that the extension of the treaty will help maintain global strategic stability and promote international peace and security, which is in line with the common expectations of the international community. China hopes that both sides will complete the relevant procedures for the extension of the treaty as soon as possible. At the same time, as countries with the largest nuclear arsenals, the United States and Russia still account for more than 90% of the world’s nuclear weapons. The two sides should earnestly fulfill their special and priority responsibilities for nuclear disarmament in accordance with international consensus, further substantially reduce their nuclear arsenals, and create conditions for the ultimate realization of comprehensive and complete nuclear disarmament. (overseas website Zhu Huiyue)