There are seven stages of Alzheimer’s, you know?

There are seven stages of Alzheimer’s, you know? by Chen Yingping, Zhang Yang and Liu Wenqin

Reporter Chen Yingping, correspondent Zhang Yang, Liu Wenqin,

Many people believe that with the growth of age, memory loss is a manifestation of normal aging, but medical development has revealed that memory loss may be an early symptom of Alzheimer’s disease (Alzheimer’s disease) and a warning device for brain problems. Professor Liu Jun, Department of Neurology, Sun Yat Sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat sen University, reminds us that when the old people at home have memory loss, we should pay attention to it and see a doctor as soon as possible.

When memory can’t keep up with forgetting, the old man may be ill.

The 66 year old mother-in-law Zhang’s memory has been gradually declining for more than three years. The family found that she often forgot where she put her things, and often went through the box to find a common thing. Sometimes I go to the market to buy vegetables, but I forget to take them home. Sometimes I make an appointment with an old friend for dinner, but I forget to keep the appointment on time. Sometimes I go to the bank to get cash, but I forget the password, so I have to go to the counter many times to apply for changing the password.

Not only that, Mrs. Zhang even began to forget the names of her acquaintances and often forgot whether she had taken any medicine. At the same time, mother-in-law Zhang’s personality also began to become withdrawn, did not like to communicate with people, easily suspicious, but also like to collect things. What worries the family most is that mother-in-law Zhang lost her way and couldn’t get home when she went out.

Later, accompanied by her family, mother-in-law Zhang went to the Department of Neurology, Sun Yat Sen Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat sen University for medical treatment. After medical examination, she was diagnosed with “Alzheimer’s disease”, commonly known as “Alzheimer’s disease”. Under the guidance of Professor Liu Jun in neurology, through active comprehensive treatment, cognitive rehabilitation training and careful care of her family, mother-in-law Zhang’s condition has been significantly improved, and she can basically take care of herself.

Seven signs of old age or Alzheimer’s disease

Many patients with Alzheimer’s disease don’t pay attention to it in the early stage, and mistakenly think that they just have a bad memory. Professor Liu Jun reminded that there are seven stages of development of Alzheimer’s disease from non-invasive stage to severe and advanced stage. The public can compare the characteristics of each development stage. If they find that they or their families meet the relevant characteristics, they need to go to the neurology department (or neurology department) of the hospital as soon as possible.

Stage 1-2

Patients can detect that their memory has declined, usually manifested as forgetting familiar words or names, forgetting the location of keys, glasses and other daily items. But there is no objective evidence of memory impairment in clinical examination.

Phase 3 wpap60302br

At the beginning, some patients can be diagnosed as early stage of Alzheimer’s disease after clinical examination. At this time, the patient may have the following symptoms: after reading an article, he can hardly remember the content; he can’t remember the name of the other party he introduced when he first met; he often loses or misplaces valuables, etc.

Phase 4

There will be obvious cognitive decline. Some individuals at this stage can be diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease at an early stage. Family, friends or colleagues begin to notice their symptoms. It can be distinguished by clinical examination. Patients often have the following changes: they don’t know what’s going on recently, their ability to do challenging mental arithmetic has declined, and their ability to perform complex tasks, such as planning for a treat, preparing dinner, paying bills, and managing finance, has declined. Memory loss, patients become reticent and withdrawn, especially in social situations or need to think sharp turns.

Stage 5-6

Patients with memory loss, need a lot of help in daily activities, such as eating, going to the toilet, dressing. Patients often can’t distinguish their location, date, day of week or season, can hardly remember their recent experiences and activities, and occasionally forget the name of their spouse or primary caregiver.

Stage 7 (the final stage of the disease)

The patient will lose the ability to respond to the environment and have a dialogue. In the end, the patient will not be able to control the action and may only speak words or phrases. They need other people to take care of their daily life, can’t speak, can’t sit down and look up without support, their muscles become stiff, their swallowing ability decreases, etc.

Professor Liu Jun said that it is worth noting that the characteristics of these stages are general guidelines. For different individuals, there may be great differences in symptoms and disease development.

Alzheimer’s disease needs “early prevention and early treatment”

According to Professor Liu Jun, the prevalence of Alzheimer’s disease is 5% in people over 65 years old, 25% in people over 85 years old, and 60% in people over 95 years old. However, the diagnosis rate of Alzheimer’s disease is very low, and even the diagnosis rate of moderate and severe dementia is only about 30%.

Professor Liu Jun said that the early prevention of Alzheimer’s disease is very important. First of all, we should actively control various risk factors, including hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, heart disease, hyperhomocysteinemia, etc.; secondly, we should adhere to the principle of “controlling the mouth and stepping forward”, that is, we should pay attention to the reasonable diet, eat more vegetables, fruits, coarse cereals, ensure the supplement of various vitamins, minerals, trace elements and other beneficial substances, and comply with the law Strengthen exercise by scientific methods. In addition, we should use our brain reasonably, read books, read newspapers and listen to news, improve our cognitive reserve, avoid staying up late, ensure adequate and high-quality sleep, and maintain a happy mood and optimistic attitude.

Editor: Nancy

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