Sequelae of severe hypoglycemia
General neonatal hypoglycemia, if can be corrected in time, little effect. If hypoglycemia lasts for a long time, it can cause hypoglycemia symptoms, such as apnea, dyspnea, irritability, drowsiness, decreased sucking power, convulsion, etc., and then it can cause sequelae, such as mental retardation and epilepsy.
According to the observation, if the blood glucose, & lt; 2.6mmol/l (45mg / dl) ≥ 3 days, 30% have long-term neurological sequelae, if it continues for ≥ 5 days, 40% have sequelae, hypoglycemic brain damage, brain MRI typical performance is occipital lobe damage, about half of which have visual impairment.
Can neonatal hypoglycemia be cured
Neonatal hypoglycemia often occurs in premature infants, full-term infants and infants with diabetic mothers. Most of them can be cured, depending on the specific causes. Some genetic metabolic diseases may be difficult to cure, and most of them have no sequelae after cure. However, if hypoglycemia lasts for a long time, it may also cause brain damage and sequelae, such as cerebral palsy, intelligence, hearing, vision, etc There are many problems, such as dyslexia, language retardation, cognitive dysfunction and so on.
Sequelae of acute hypoglycemia
First, brain function is impaired. In the case of hypoglycemia, because the brain can’t get enough glucose, it can’t play the normal function of the brain, which usually leads to dizziness, sleepiness, unclear language and other discomfort symptoms. When the disease further aggravates, it will damage the patient’s advanced nerve center function, resulting in personality changes, disturbance of consciousness, nerve disorders, blurred vision, drowsiness, coma and other more serious consequences. In fact, these are symptoms of brain damage, and this situation often occurs unconsciously and slowly, so we must pay attention to them.
Second, it causes cardiovascular disease. Usually during the onset of hypoglycemia, it will lead to dizziness and fatigue. Once it is not handled in time, it is easy to fall and cause trauma. For the middle-aged and elderly people, in the case of severe hypoglycemia, they are not only easy to fall, but also may induce some other cardiovascular diseases, such as angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, cerebral infarction and so on. Therefore, it is necessary to correct the hypoglycemia problem as soon as possible during the hypoglycemia attack, so as to prevent the disease from causing adverse effects on their own health. In the case of mild symptoms, you can eat some candy or sugar water appropriately.